Capitalization in hyphenated words

Capitalization in hyphenated words

Dec 20, 2011 · Some editors may do it differently, but this is a title, so every word except for short connecting words is capitalized. Since “long-time” is a compound formed from two words that are usually separate, we would capitalize the second part since it is considered a separate word. If anything, this is the older way of doing things. Occasionally, title-style capitalization—capitalizing most words—is appropriate. For example, product and service names, the names of blogs, book and song titles, article titles in citations, white paper titles, and titles of people ( Vice President or Director of Marketing ) require title-style capitalization. Mar 26, 2018 · When a capitalized word is a hyphenated compound, capitalize both words. Also, capitalize the first word after a colon or a dash in a title. . . . " Exception: In titles of books and articles in reference lists, capitalize only the first word, the first word after a colon or em dash, and proper nouns .

Capitalize the first word of the title/heading and of any subtitle/subheading; Capitalize all major words (nouns, verbs, adjectives, adverbs, and pronouns) in the title/heading, including the second part of hyphenated major words (e.g., Self-Report not Self-report) Capitalize all words of four letters or more.

The rules for capitalizing titles are strict. In a title or a subtitle, capitalize the first word, the last word. and all principal words, including those that follow hyphens in compound terms. Therefore, capitalize the following parts of speech: • Nouns (e.g., flowers and Europe, as in The Flowers of Europe) Apr 30, 2013 · Words are usually hyphenated when combining two or more nouns, adverbs, or modifying words, such as, hard-boiled, off-campus, or state-of-the-art. Numbers are also hyphenated, like thirty-three or ... Hyphenated words tend to become closed compounds (single words with no hyphens) over time. Email instead of e-mail , for example, is increasingly common. If you aren’t sure whether a words is a closed compound or a hyphenated one, check your preferred dictionary. As a rule, you capitalize both words if the second word is a noun or adjective, or if it has equal balance with the first word. You use lower case on the second word if it is a participle modifying the first word, or if both words together constitute a single word (e.g. "Re-energizing").

May 07, 2013 · Capitalize the second element in a hyphenated spelled-out number (twenty-one or twenty-first, etc.) or hyphenated simple fraction (two-thirds in two-thirds majority). This departure from previous Chicago recommendations recognizes the functional equality of the numbers before and after the hyphen. For more on the capitalization of specific words in APA Style, including copious specifics, exceptions, and examples, see the Publication Manual (pp. 101–104). In future posts, we will cover capitalization in author names , source titles , the reference list , abbreviations, and more. Capitalization in Titles and Headings -- Hyphenated Words In the last issue of Grammar Tips & Tidbits , we discussed the rules for capitalizing words in titles and headings. If you missed the last tip, you can view it here . Apr 30, 2013 · Words are usually hyphenated when combining two or more nouns, adverbs, or modifying words, such as, hard-boiled, off-campus, or state-of-the-art. Numbers are also hyphenated, like thirty-three or ... As a rule, you capitalize both words if the second word is a noun or adjective, or if it has equal balance with the first word. You use lower case on the second word if it is a participle modifying the first word, or if both words together constitute a single word (e.g. "Re-energizing").

Jun 18, 2012 · Capitalization of Words in Titles and Headings: Rules from the AP Stylebook I recently conducted a workshop for employees in the development office at my university, and since they use Associated Press (AP) style, I was asked to include a unit on avoiding common AP errors. There is no firm rule to help you decide which words are run together, hyphenated or left separate. In general, try to avoid putting hyphens into words formed of one word and a short prefix, so asexual, biplane, declassify, disfranchise, geopoliti... Apr 30, 2013 · Words are usually hyphenated when combining two or more nouns, adverbs, or modifying words, such as, hard-boiled, off-campus, or state-of-the-art. Numbers are also hyphenated, like thirty-three or ...

Two words with a hyphen between is not one word. It is a hyphenation. mossinterest Nothing in the guideline leads me to believe the rule should have been obvious to not capitalize the second word of a hyphenated phrase. It doesn't say that anywhere It says it right here: "except where all caps have been used, which should be turned to lower case." Jun 09, 2011 · Style Guide both recommend capitalizing the first letter when such words must appear at the beginning of a sentence or headline (e.g. EBay to Start Selling Air). Pick a Style for the Second Half of Hyphenated Words. Another common question is whether to capitalize the second part of a hyphenated word in a headline. Again, there are multiple styles. I always see the following titles differently and I want to know about what is the proper capitalization of title words when joined by a hyphen (dash): Object-[o]riented Programming. or. Object-[O]riented Programming. Should I capitalize the 'O' after using a dash? or does this only depend on the way of writing?

Capitalize the first word of the title/heading and of any subtitle/subheading; Capitalize all major words (nouns, verbs, adjectives, adverbs, and pronouns) in the title/heading, including the second part of hyphenated major words (e.g., Self-Report not Self-report) Capitalize all words of four letters or more. Jun 18, 2012 · Capitalization of Words in Titles and Headings: Rules from the AP Stylebook I recently conducted a workshop for employees in the development office at my university, and since they use Associated Press (AP) style, I was asked to include a unit on avoiding common AP errors. Jul 03, 2015 · The Texas Law Review Manual of Style says this about creating a compound word: “When two or more words are combined to form a modifier immediately preceding a noun, join the words by hyphens if doing so will significantly aid the reader in recognizing the compound adjective” (20). The “if” clause in that sentence is the tricky part.

The capitalization of a word (meaning its first letter is in the upper case) often depends upon its context and placement within a sentence. ... When a compound word ...

Capitalize only the first element of a hyphenated word unless any subsequent element is a proper noun or adjective.Capitalize any subsequent elements unless they are articles, prepositions, coordinating conjunctions (and, but, for, or, nor) or such modifiers as flat or sharp following musical key symbols. Hyphenated words tend to become closed compounds (single words with no hyphens) over time. Email instead of e-mail , for example, is increasingly common. If you aren’t sure whether a words is a closed compound or a hyphenated one, check your preferred dictionary.

This handout lists some guidelines for capitalization. If you have a question about whether a specific word should be capitalized that doesn't fit under one of these rules, try checking a dictionary to see if the word is capitalized there. Use capital letters in the following ways: The first words of a sentence (1) Capitalize the second word in compound words if it is a noun or proper adjective or the words have equal weight (Cross-Reference, Pre-Microsoft Software, Run-Time); (2) Do not capitalize the second word if it is another part of speech or a participle modifying the first word (How-to, Take-off, Flat-sided, Gun-toting).

For hyphenated compounds, it recommends: Always capitalize the first element. Capitalize any subsequent elements unless they are articles, prepositions,... If the first element is merely a prefix or combining form that could not stand by itself as a word... Capitalize the second element in a ... Occasionally, title-style capitalization—capitalizing most words—is appropriate. For example, product and service names, the names of blogs, book and song titles, article titles in citations, white paper titles, and titles of people ( Vice President or Director of Marketing ) require title-style capitalization. Hyphenated words in a title also present problems. There are no set rules, except to always capitalize the first element, even if it would not otherwise be capitalized, such as to in My To-go Order (some would write My To-Go Order ). Another modern dictionary, however, lists hairstylist, not hair stylist. Compounding is obviously in a state of flux, and authorities do not always agree in all cases, but the uses of the hyphen offered here are generally agreed upon. Use a hyphen to join two or more words serving as a single adjective before a noun: Capitalize principal words in headings. Important words need to start in a capital letter, including nouns, pronouns, adverbs, and verbs. You should also capitalize on both parts of hyphenated words if they fall under the major words category. Any short word is capitalized if it has four letters or more.

Occasionally, title-style capitalization—capitalizing most words—is appropriate. For example, product and service names, the names of blogs, book and song titles, article titles in citations, white paper titles, and titles of people ( Vice President or Director of Marketing ) require title-style capitalization.